A flowchart uses the oblique parallelogram and the reserved word “Write” to display a message or the final results to the user’s screen.

where arg1, arg2, and arg3 can be variables, expressions, or even strings enclosed in double quotes.

The oblique parallelogram that you have just seen is equivalent to

In a computer language, you can achieve the same result by using the statement

PHP

  echo arg1, arg2, arg3, … ;

or the equivalent sequence of statements.

  echo arg1;

  echo arg2;

  echo arg3;

  …

Java

  System.out.print(arg1 + arg2 + arg3 + …  );

or the equivalent sequence of statements.

  System.out.print(arg1);

  System.out.print(arg2);

  System.out.print(arg3);

  …

C++

  cout << arg1 << arg2 << arg3 << …  ;

or the equivalent sequence of statements

  cout << arg1;

  cout << arg2;

  cout << arg3;

  …

C#

  Console.Write(arg1 + arg2 + arg3 + …  );

or the equivalent sequence of statements

  System.out.print(arg1);

  System.out.print(arg2);

  System.out.print(arg3);

  …

Visual Basic

  Console.Write(arg1 & arg2 & arg3 & …  )

or the equivalent sequence of statements

  Console.Write(arg1)

  Console.Write(arg2)

  Console.Write(arg3)

  …

Python

  print(arg1, arg2, arg3, …  [, sep = " "] [, end = "\n"])

where

  • arg1, arg2, arg3, are the arguments (values) to be printed. They can be variables, expressions, constant values, or strings enclosed in double quotes.
  • sep is the string inserted between arguments. It is optional and its default value is one space character.
  • end is the string appended after the last argument. It is optional and its default value is one “line break.”

Remember! If you want to display a string on the screen, the string must be enclosed in double quotes.

The following program:

PHP

<?php
  $a = 5 + 6;
  echo "The sum of 5 and 6 is ", $a;
?>

Java

public static void main(String[] args) throws java.io.IOException {
  int a;

  a = 5 + 6;
  System.out.print("The sum of 5 and 6 is " + a);
}

C++

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main() {
  int a;

  a = 5 + 6;
  cout << "The sum of 5 and 6 is " << a;
  return 0;
}

C#

static void Main() {
  int a;

  a = 5 + 6;
  Console.Write("The sum of 5 and 6 is " + a);

  Console.ReadKey();
}

Visual Basic

Sub Main()
  Dim a As Integer

  a = 5 + 6
  Console.Write("The sum of 5 and 6 is " & a)

  Console.ReadKey()
End Sub

Python

a = 5 + 6
print("The sum of 5 and 6 is", a)

display the message shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 A string displayed on the screen

You can also calculate the result of a mathematical expression directly in an output statement. The following statement:

PHP

<?php
  echo "The sum of 5 and 6 is ", 5 + 6;
?>

Java

public static void main(String[] args) throws java.io.IOException {
  System.out.print("The sum of 5 and 6 is " + (5 + 6));
}

C++

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main() {
  cout << "The sum of 5 and 6 is " << 5 + 6;
  return 0;
}

C#

static void Main() {
  Console.Write("The sum of 5 and 6 is " + (5 + 6));

  Console.ReadKey();
}

Visual Basic

Sub Main()
  Console.Write("The sum of 5 and 6 is " & (5 + 6))

  Console.ReadKey()
End Sub

Python

print("The sum of 5 and 6 is", 5 + 6)

displays exactly the same message as the statements in Figure 1.

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