The first thing you must do is create a new C# project. Visual Studio Community provides a wizard to help you do that. Start Visual Studio Community and from the window that opens (Figure 1), click on the “Create a new project” button.

Figure 1 Starting a new project from Visual Studio’s main menu

Alternatively, if you click on the “Continue without code” link, then, from Visual Studio’s main menu you can select “File → New → Project” as shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2 Starting a new project from Visual Studio’s main menu

The “Create a new project” dialog box appears. In the right pane, select “Console App” (prefer the one that can run on .NET Core on Windows, Linux and MacOS) as shown in Figure 3, and click on the “Next” button.

Figure 3 Selecting the C# Console App

In the “Configure your new project” window that opens (see Figure 4), in the “Project name” field, you need to enter the name of your project. Type “testingProject” and click on the “Create” button.

Figure 4 Configuring your new project

In the next dialog box that appears, select the “.NET 8.0 (Long-term support)” framework. Leave the field “Do not use top-level statements” unchecked and click on the “Create” button.

The project is created and opened in your Visual Studio environment. You should see the following components (Figure 5):

  • the “Solution Explorer” window, which contains a tree view of the components of the projects, including source files, libraries that your code may depend on, and so on
  • the “Source Editor” window with the file called “Program.cs” open. In this file you can write your C# code. Of course, one single project can contain many such files
  • the “Output” window in which Visual Studio displays messages useful for the programmer
  • other windows, such as the “Properties” window.
Figure 5 Viewing the “Solution Explorer”, “Source Editor”, and “Output” windows in Visual Studio

You have just seen how to create a new C# console project. Let’s now write the following (terrifying, and quite horrifying!) C# program and try to execute it.

Console.WriteLine("Hello, World!");
Console.WriteLine("Hallo, Welt!");
Console.WriteLine("Bonjour, le Monde!");

As you may have noticed, the first line that already exists in Visual Studio is a comment, so you can just delete that line. In the second line, the statement that displays the English message “Hello, World!” has been already entered for you automatically. Place your text cursor at the end of that line and hit the “Enter ⤶” key. Let’s try to type the second statement, the one that displays the German message “Hallo, Welt!”. Type only the first character, “C”, from the Console statement by hitting the “C” key on your keyboard. A popup window appears, as shown in Figure 6. This window contains all available C# statements, and other items that begin with the character “C”.

Figure 6 The popup screen in the Source Editor window

You can highlight a selection by using the up and down arrow keys on your keyboard.

Type the second character, “o”, from the Console statement. Now the options have become fewer. Select the option “Console” using the down arrow key from your keyboard  (if necessary), as shown in Figure 7.

Figure 7 The popup screen in the Source Editor window

Hit the period “ . ” key. The statement is automatically entered into your program. Select the “WriteLine” option as shown in Figure 8 and hit the “Enter ⤶” key.

Figure 8 The popup screen in the Source Editor window

Complete the statement by writing Console.WriteLine("Hallo, Welt!"); Then, continue typing the rest of the C# program (as shown in Figure 9). Save the changes that you have just made. Your Visual Studio Code environment should look like this.

Figure 9 Entering a C# program in the “Program.cs” file

And now, let’s try to execute it! From the main menu, select “Debug → Start Without Debugging”.

The C# program executes, and the output is displayed in the “Debug Console” window, as shown in Figure 10.

Figure 10 Viewing the results of the executed program in the “Debug Console” window

Notice: Alternatively, you can execute a file by hitting the CTRL + F5 key combination.

Congratulations! You have just written and executed your first C# program!

Notice: You should always save your changes before executing a program. To do so, from Visual Studio’s main menu you can select “File → Save” or hit the “CTRL + S” key combination!

Now let’s write another C# program, one that prompts the user to enter their name. Type the following C# program into Visual Studio and hit CTRL + F5 to execute the file.

string name;

Console.Write("Enter your name: ");
name = Console.ReadLine();
Console.WriteLine("Hello " + name);

Once you execute the program, the message “Enter your name:” is displayed in the “Debug Console” window. The program waits for you to enter your name, as shown in Figure 11.

Figure 11 Viewing a prompt in the “Debug Console” window

Type your name and hit the “Enter ⤶” key. Once you do that, your computer continues executing the rest of the statements. When execution finishes, the final output is as shown in Figure 12.

Figure 12 Responding to the prompt in the “Debug Console” window

Press any key to close the window.